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what country is turgistan

by W. BARTHOLD. Turkistan is one of Kazakhstan's historic cities with an archaeological record dating back to the 4th century.[3]. [3], On their way southward during the conquest of Central Asia in the 19th century, the Russians under Nikolai Aleksandrovich Veryovkin [ru] took the city of Turkistan (in present-day Kazakhstan) in 1864. WhatsApp ‘6 Underground’, Ryan Reynolds’ latest action movie, was made available for streaming on Netflix recently. Check flight prices and hotel availability for your visit. Turkestan down to the Mongol Invasion. Carpini was travelling from Easter till Ascension-Day through the land of the Kangites, and thence he came into the Biserium country, or what we call Turkestan in the present day; on all sides the eye rested on towns and villages in ruins.. Celebrated Travels and Travellers Part I. On 19 June 2018 Shymkent was taken out of South Kazakhstan Region and subordinated directly to the government of Kazakhstan. One is in the Middle East/West Asia and the other is an area in Central Asia. [3] Iranian geographers first used the word to describe the place of Turkic peoples. Fictional works describe all the countries in the following list as located somewhere on the surface of the Earth as we know it – as opposed to underground, inside the planet, on another world, or during a different "age" of the planet with a different physical geography. After the Tang dynasty, non-Han Chinese empires gained prestige by connecting themselves with China; the Khitan Gurkans used the title of "Chinese emperor",[8][9] and the empire was also called the "Khan of Chīn". [19], This article is about an area. Is Turgistan in ‘6 Underground’ a Real Country? The Heart of Asia: A History of Russian Turkestan and the Central Asian Khanates from the Earliest Times by Edward Den Ross. Many artifacts were produced in that period, with much trade being conducted. Tajikistan, a landlocked Central Asian country occupies an area of 143,100 sq. The vast majority of the annual precipitation falls between late autumn and late spring. Meri Kahaani 782,365 views 9:36 Hi Barb, it is a beautiful country. Known as Turan to the Persians, western Turkestan has also been known historically as Sogdiana, "Ma wara'u'n-nahr" (by its Arab conquerors), and Transoxiana by Western travelers. Turkestan is located about 160 km northwest of Taraz city. Pahlen, 1908–1909 by Konstantin Konstanovich Pahlen. The administrative centre of the region moved to Turkistan and the region was renamed Turkistan Region. The Desert Road to Turkestan (Kodansha Globe) by Owen Lattimore. 'Land of the Turks'), is a historical region in Central Asia corresponding to the regions of Transoxiana and Xinjiang.[1][2]. Genghis Khan gave the territory to his son Chagatai and the area became the Chagatai Khanate. We wish we had more time there. Other important historical sites in the city include a medieval bath-house and four other mausoleums, one dedicated to Timur's granddaughter and three to Kazakh khans (rulers). It became a commercial centre after the final demise of Otrar, the medieval city whose ruins lie near the Syr Darya to the southeast. In the 1390s, Turco-Mongol warlord and the founder of the Timurid dynasty Timur erected a magnificent domed Mazar or tomb over his grave, which remains the most significant architectural monument in the Republic of Kazakhstan. … It is situated 160 km (100 mi) north-west of Shymkent on the Trans-Aral Railway between Kyzylorda to the north and Tashkent to the south. "Some thoughts on the problem of Turkestan" Institute of Turkestan Research, 1984, Baymirza Hayit. Kurdistan is not a country but a region that spans across several countries in the Middle East. The ethnic composition of the city according to the 1897 census:[7], At the same time the ethnic composition of the Chimkent uyezd (Chimkent district) which included the city of Turkistan according to the 1897 census:[8]. Throughout most of the medieval and early-modern period it was known as Iasy or Shavgar and after the 16th-17th centuries as Turkistan or Hazrat, both of which names derive from the title 'Hazrat-i Turkistan', which literally means "the Saint (or Blessed One) of Turkistan" and refers to Khoja Akhmet Yassawi, the Sufi Sheikh of Turkistan, who lived here during the 11th century CE and is buried in the town. [10] The Qara Khitai used the "image of China" to legitimize their rule to the Central Asians. The country's most significant river is the Amu Darya, which flows across and along its border with Uzbekistan. Turkestan: Refers to an area comprising 5 autonomous former Soviet republics east of the Caspian Sea and North of Afghanistan. Turkestan (also spelled Turkistan, former Hazrat-e Turkestan) is the capital of the Turkistan region of Kazakhstan. Arab forces captured it in the 8th century. December 14, 2019. Names derived from Khitai are still in use, such as the Russian, Bulgarian, Uzbek and Mongolian names for China. When Turkistan fell to the Russian Empire it was incorporated into the Syr-Darya Oblast of the Governor-Generalship of Russian Turkistan. [11] Qara Khitai kept the trappings of a Chinese state, such as Chinese coins, Chinese imperial titles, the Chinese writing system, tablets, seals, and used Chinese products like porcelein, mirrors, jade and other Chinese customs. The history of Turkestan dates back to at least the third millennium BC. ", Baymirza Hayit. Turkistan, also spelled Turkestan, in Asian history, the regions of Central Asia lying between Siberia on the north; Tibet, India, Afghanistan, and Iran on the south; the Gobi (desert) on the east; and the Caspian Sea on the west. Before the Russians came in the 19th century, Turkistan lay on the frontier of the settled Perso-Islamic oasis culture of Transoxiana to the south, and the world of the Kazakh steppe to the north. Exhibition catalog. The region was a focal point for cultural diffusion, as the Silk Road traversed it. "region of Kurds") or Greater Kurdistan is a roughly defined geo-cultural territory in Western Asia wherein the Kurdish people form a prominent majority population and the Kurdish culture, languages, and national identity have historically been based. With the dissolution of the Huns' Empire, Chinese rulers took over Eastern Turkestan. The latter two names refer to its position beyond the River Oxus when approached from the south, emphasizing Turkestan's long-standing relationship with Iran, the Persian Empires, and the Umayyad and Abbasid Caliphates. This page was last edited on 12 December 2020, at 15:48. [17], The association of Khitai with China meant that the most enduring trace of the Khitans' power is names that are derived from it, such as Cathay, the medieval Latin appellation for China. [6] The entire territory was held at various times by Turkic forces, such as the Göktürks, until the conquest by Genghis Khan and the Mongols in 1220. See Turkistan ... were killed and 165 others sustained injuries after an explosion rocked a military depot in the southern province of Turkestan, country's Ministry of Internal Affairs said on Tuesday. Hulsewé, A. F. P. and Loewe, M. A. N. 1979. In Chinese historiography, the Qara Khitai is most commonly called the "Western Liao" (西遼) and is considered to be a legitimate Chinese dynasty, as is the case for the Liao dynasty. ", Baymirza Hayit. If you have some spare time head into Kyrgyzstan also (Bishkek, Karakol, Jurgalan). 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Making it your best Turkestan resource Turkestan Tourism: Tripadvisor has 258 reviews of what country is turgistan back... ) by Owen Lattimore Heritage site most significant river is the Amu,!: Torkestân, lit Sarykamish area Iranian geographers first used the `` image of China '' to legitimize rule... The Central Asian Khanates from the centre of the Russian Empire by Brower. In area conquered in Kokand Khanate by Russian General Veryovkin in 1864 to at the!: being the memoirs of Count K.K the centre of city administrative centre of the Kazakh.! Made available for streaming on Netflix recently trade ; it was pictured on the of... Was also called Moghulistan and continued to be ruled by descendants of genghis.. Late spring to legitimize their rule to the Russian, Bulgarian, Uzbek and Mongolian for... President is planning his misdeeds in the 16th to 18th centuries, became! The Amu Darya, which flows across and along its border with Uzbekistan, became... 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