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Argaeus i of macedon wikiwand macedonia (ancient kingdom) philip v demetrius alexander iv Demetrius kept a foothold in Greece and in 294 reoccupied Athens and established himself as king of Macedonia, but in 288 he was driven out by his rivals Lysimachus and Pyrrhus. Rhodes, a strategically important island throughout antiquity, was a particularly prosperous trade centre in Hellenistic times and an ally of Ptolemy. Demetrius married three times, though the chronology of these marriages is a matter of dispute. However, the first time he took sole command of an army did not go well, he lost in a battle against Ptolemy I and Seleucus I Nikator in Gaza in 312 BCE. He is the subject of one of Plutarch’s Lives biographies. Ultimately, the campaign was another disappointment and the siege ended in a negotiated truce. Alexander III the Great (336-323 BC). Demetrius I Poliorcetes portrayed on a tetradrachm coin In 302 BC, he returned a second time to Greece as liberator, and reinstated the Corinthian League, but his licentiousness and extravagance made the Athenians long for the government of Cassander. Demetrius I of Macedon (337-283 BC) fought and was victorious at the Battle of Salamis, where he defeated another Diadochi of Alexander the Great, Ptolemy I of Egypt, as a reult, he destroyed the Egyptian navy. The tower also had a beam fitted to its front which was decorated with a ram’s head and used to punch holes in fortification walls. A battle with the Dardanians turned out disastrously, and he died shortly afterwards, leaving Philip, his son by Chryseis, still a child. The ‘Besieger’, then, was a victim of his times, an age when rulers without lands or rulers with lands but no particular ancestral ties to them, squabbled for the pieces of Alexander’s broken empire. Demetrius I of Macedon, also known as Demetrios Poliorcetes, the 'Besieger' (c. 336 - c. 282 BCE), was a Macedonian king who, along with his father Antigonus I, fought for control of Alexander the Great ’s empire in the 'Successor Wars'. Map of the Successor Kingdoms, c. 303 BCEby Javierfv1212 (Public Domain). Born: 274 BC Died: 229 BC. After successes in central Greece and Cyprus, he gained his lasting reputation as a master planner and  ‘Besieger of Cities’ following his one-year siege of Rhodes. Ptolemy offered a peace deal in 287 BCE, and Demetrius set his sights on Asia Minor and Seleucus. Together they had two children Stratonice and Antigonus II Gonatas. In 229 BCE Demetrius concentrated all his forces on countering this new threat. Silver Tetradrachm of Demetrius I of Macedonby Mark Cartwright (CC BY-NC-SA). Web. Poss. "Demetrius I of Macedon." Things did not improve for the young commander in the following year when his campaign in Babylonia against Seleucus also ended in failure. Demetrius, still in control of such important cities as Cyprus, Corinth, and Ephesos, was offered a way back into the chaotic political theatre of the Successor Wars when his daughter Stratonice married Seleucus and in return Demetrius was given Cilicia c. 299 BCE. Retrieved from https://www.ancient.eu/Demetrius_I_of_Macedon/. Agnes Harris's 52-Great Grandfather. Demetrius I Poliorcetes portrayed on a tetradrachmcoin In 302 BC he returned a second time to Greece as liberator, and reinstated the Corinthian League. Demetrius I (/dɪˈmiːtriəs/; Ancient Greek: Δημήτριος ; 337–283 BC), called Poliorcetes (/ˌpɒliɔːrˈsiːtiːz/; Greek: Πολιορκητής , The Besieger), son of Antigonus I Monophthalmus and Stratonice, was a Macedonian nobleman, military leader, and finally king of Macedon (294–288 BC). Among his outrages was his courtship of a young boy named Democles the Handsome. During their careers they met with prodigious triumphs and disasters, conquered great empires and as easily lost them. Last modified March 23, 2016. His son, Antigonus II Antigonus II (Antigonus Gonatas) , c.320–239 B.C., king of Macedon, son of Demetrius I. Find out more about the greatest Greek Emperors & Kings, including Alexander the Great, Leonidas I, Philip II of Macedon, Prince Andrew of Greece and Denmark and Constantine II of Greece Omissions? On Demetrius’ character Plutarch, comparing him with Rome’s Mark Antony, said, Both men were redoubtable womanizers, drinkers and fighters, both were open-handed, extravagant and arrogant, and these resemblances were reflected in the similarity of their fortunes. He holds an MA in Political Philosophy and is the Publishing Director at AHE. Demetrius gained his title of ‘Besieger of Cities’ when he blockaded Rhodes for a year. Demetrius I of Macedon ... Media in category "Demetrius I Poliorcetes" The following 8 files are in this category, out of 8 total. After the blockade, the entrepreneurial Rhodians sold Demetrius’ siege equipment and used the proceeds to build a massive 32-metre high bronze statue of their patron god Helios - the Colossus of Rhodes and one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. "Demetrius I of Macedon." In 306/305 BCE campaigns did not go so well in Egypt and then, at Rhodes in 305 - 304 BCE Demetrius gained his title of ‘Besieger of Cities’ when he blockaded the island for a year. The Hellenistic Age History Podcast 17 views Antonyms for Demetrius I of Macedon. https://www.britannica.com/biography/Demetrius-I-Poliorcetes, Military History Encyclopedia on the Web - Biography of Demetrius I Poliorcetes (336-283). Please help us create teaching materials on Mesopotamia (including several complete lessons with worksheets, activities, answers, essay questions, and more), which will be free to download for teachers all over the world. This license lets others remix, tweak, and build upon this content non-commercially, as long as they credit the author and license their new creations under the identical terms. He married Phila, daughter of Antipater, who would, later on, become a useful Macedonian connection. For this purpose, he built a massive fleet of 500 ships. (336). Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Demetrius acquired his surname of Soter, or Savior, from the Babylonians, whom he delivered from the tyranny of the Median satrap, Timarchus. 2 synonyms for Demetrius Poliorcetes: Demetrius, Demetrius I. 016: To the Strongest - The 3rd War of the Diadochi & the Babylonian War - Duration: 29:55. Consolidating his control over central Greece Demetrius went back to his old hobby of besieging cities and twice blockaded Thebes. Demetrius I Poliorcetes, (born 336 bc, Macedonia—died 283, Cilicia [now in Turkey]), king of Macedonia from 294 to 288 bc. Argaeus I Of Macedon Wikiwand. The son of Antigonus I, he proved himself a very able commander in … Their Zodiac sign is ♑ Capricorn. When Alexander the Great died in 323 BCE, he left behind an empire... Lysimachus (c. 361-281 BCE) was one of Alexander the Great’s... Macedon was an ancient kingdom located in the north of the Greek... Demetrius I commands his father's cavalry units at the battles of Paraetacene and Gabiene in, Demetrius I marries Stratonice, daughter of Seleucus I and in return Demetrius is given, When his army deserts him Demetrius I flees, Demetrius I surrenders to Seleucus I and lives as a prsioner for three years until his, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike. Kingdom of Macedon. He possessed an elaborate wardrobe of hats and cloaks, broad-brimmed hats with double mitres and robes of purple interwoven with gold, while his feet were clad in shoes of the richest purple felt embroidered with gold. Demetrius did make some amends with successes in the region in 311/310 BCE. Demetrius was married five times; his first wife was Phila daughter of Regent Antipater by whom he had two children: Stratonice of Syria and Antigonus II … However, with his army devastated by plague and famine, he was forced to surrender once again in 285 BCE. Born circa 337 B.C. Demetrius campaigned in Greece again c. 295 BCE when he removed the tyrant Lachares from Athens and defeated Sparta. Demetrius I, Poliorcetes, King of Macedonia, 336-283 B.C. Demetrius, also in 306, crushed Ptolemy in a naval battle…. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. When Antigonus was exiled in 322 BCE Demetrius accompanied his father and found refuge with the Macedonian general Antipater. But the battle-weary Macedonian army suffered a disastrous defeat. The kingdom was founded and initially ruled by the royal Argead dynasty , which was followed by the Antipatrid and Antigonid dynasties. It is also noticeable that Demetrius allowed the restoration of the Athenian democracy and left no garrison at Athens and nor did he in other liberated cities such as Megara. He, thus, describes, like an actor, Demetrius’ taste in dress: ...there was something intensely theatrical about Demetrius. Wednesday, January 1, 336 B.C. CNG 99, Lot 86. For in 301 BCE the Antigonids were defeated at the Battle of Ipsus in central Phrygia by Lysimachus and Seleucus I. Synonyms for Demetrius I of Macedon in Free Thesaurus. His descendants remained in possession of the Macedonian throne till the time of Perseus, when Macedon was conquered by the Romans in 168 BC. Ancient History Encyclopedia. Once again Demetrius was magnanimous in victory for he "not only buried the enemy’s dead with full honours but he also set his prisoners free (Plutarch, 348)". Demetrius I Poliorcetes, (born 336 bc, Macedonia—died 283, Cilicia [now in Turkey]), king of Macedonia from 294 to 288 bc. Macedonia (/ ˌ m æ s ɪ ˈ d oʊ n i ə / ; Ancient Greek: Μακεδονία), also called Macedon (/ ˈ m æ s ɪ d ɒ n /), was an ancient kingdom on the periphery of Archaic and Classical Greece , and later the dominant state of Hellenistic Greece . He belonged to the An Demetrius had more success against Cassander back on the Greek mainland in 304 BCE when he and his father extended their influence to include Aetolia and Boeotia. Demetrius is credited with being the first to employ artillery mounted on warships to fire on other warships (as opposed to just cities), when he used both stone and arrow-throwing catapults in the battle. Immediately after the murder of Alexander V, the nobles present—members of Alexander’s court, now surrounded by Demetrius’s forces—agreed to his kingship, and he was duly acclaimed by the assembled army. Demetrius I (Greek: Δημήτριος, 337-283 BC), called Poliorcetes (Greek: Πολιορκητής - "The Besieger"), son of Antigonus I Monophthalmus and Stratonice, was a king of Macedon (294288 BC). The huge battle was said to have involved 150,000 men and 475 elephants. Demetrius I of Macedon Label from public data source Wikidata; Demetrius I, Poliorcetes, King of Macedonia, 336 B.C.-283 B.C. Ancient History Encyclopedia. Corrections? Demertius I of Macedon: the king of Macedon who fought during the Babylonian Wars! He belonged to the Antigonid dynasty.…more Siege towers were not new but Demetrius’ was the largest so far seen and was so massive it reportedly took 3,400 men to mobilise it. His special interests include pottery, architecture, world mythology and discovering the ideas that all civilizations share in common. But his licentiousness and extravagance made the Athenians long for the government of Cassander. As a reward for this great victory Antigonus announced that Demetrius would, from now on, be joint king with him. Demetrius I (337 -283 BC ), surnamed Poliorcetes ("Besieger"), son of Antigonus Cyclops and Stratonice was a king of Macedon (294 -288 BC ) . Then in yet another marriage of convenience, he made a treaty with Ptolemy. Demetrius Poliorcetes - son of Antigonus Cyclops and king of Macedonia; he and his father were defeated at the battle of Ipsus (337-283 BC) NGC Choice AU Strike 5/5, Surface 4/5, Fine Style. But his licentiousness and extravagance made the Athenians long for the government of Cassander. He is the subject of one of Plutarch’s Lives. Mark is a history writer based in Italy. 24 Dec 2020. On his accession he was faced by an Aetolian and Achaean coalition, later joined by an Epirote League. Marble portrait bust of Demetrius I of Macedon, also called Poliorcetes, "The Besieger" (336-283 BCE), Roman copy from the 1st century CE of a Greek original from the 3rd century BCE (Naples National Archaeological Museum). Demetrius’ fortunes further improved in 307 BCE when he successfully led a campaign in Greece to free Athens from Demetrius of Phaleron. Antigonus was killed and Demetrius retreated to the Isthmus of Corinth. License. However, in 288 BCE, when his army realised that Lysimachus, Ptolemy, Seleucus and Pyrrhus were all marching on Macedon, they refused to take the field and Demetrius was forced to flee south. Demetrius was born in the garrison of Kelainai, Phrygia in 336 BCE as his father was King Antigonus I, at that time one of Alexander the Great’s commanders. Demetrius in the end of his reign defended his domain from the tribal peoples of the north. Unfortunately, the statue was toppled by an earthquake in 228 or 226 BCE. Demetrius I of Macedon, also known as Demetrios Poliorcetes, the ‘Besieger’ (c. 336 - c. 282 BCE), was a Macedonian king who, along with his father Antigonus I, fought for control of Alexander the Great’s empire in the ‘Successor Wars’. Demetrius I (Greek: Δημήτριος, 337-283 BC), called Poliorcetes (Greek: Πολιορκητής - "The Besieger"), son of Antigonus I Monophthalmus and Stratonice, was a king of Macedon (294–288 BC). Demetrius was an inventive siege-master, his most famous weapon being the helepolis or ‘city-taker’, a 40-metre high siege tower with nine levels and which was wheeled, armoured, and could carry multiple artillery weapons (ballistae). Demetrius I (/dɪˈmiːtriəs/; Ancient Greek: Δημήτριος; 337–283 BC), called Poliorcetes (/ˌpɒliɔːrˈsiːtiːz/; Greek: Πολιορκητής, "The Besieger"), son of Antigonus I Monophthalmus and Stratonice, was a Macedonian nobleman, military leader, and finally king of Macedon (294–288 BC). What are synonyms for Demetrius I of Macedon? Demetrius II Aetolicus (King) of MACEDONIA. ; died circa 283 B.C. They are considered the most important person in history born with the first name of Demetrius. Noun 1. Among his outrages was his courtship of a young boy named Democles the Handsome. `Osawatomie' Brown's 66-Great Grandfather. For only $5 per month you can become a member and support our mission to engage people with cultural heritage and to improve history education worldwide. Demetrius I (Demetrius Poliorcetes) dĭmē´trēəs pŏl˝ēôrsē´tēz [ key], c.337–283 BC, king of Macedon. https://www.ancient.eu/Demetrius_I_of_Macedon/. He then set his sights on the Macedonian throne, which he claimed in 294 BCE with the help of Phila and after murdering Alexander V. Demetrius then established a new Macedonian capital in Magnesia in southern Thessaly, Demetrias. Demetrius first came to prominence in c. 317 BCE when he commanded his father’s cavalry units at the battles of Paraetacene and Gabiene in Persia. to take refuge with Seleucus, who held him until he died. Earlier Established Forms Noun 1. Demetrius I Poliorcetes (literally, “the besieger of the city”). Demetrius I of Macedon, also known as Demetrios Poliorcetes, the ‘Besieger’ (c. 336 - c. 282 BCE), was a Macedonian king who, along with his father Antigonus I, fought for control of Alexander the Great ’s empire in the ‘Successor Wars’. Cartwright, Mark. Books Roman copy from 1st century AD of a Greek original from 3rd century BC. Ex. Demetrius I — may refer to: Demetrius I Soter (born 185 BC, reign 161 150 BC), ruler of the Hellenistic Seleucid Empire Demetrius I of Macedon (337 283 BC), king of Macedon Demetrius I of Bactria, Greco Bactrian king (reigned c. 200 180 BC) Demetrius I of… … Demetrius I of Macedon. The Antigonids were treated as liberating heroes by the Athenians and given all manner of honours, including their own cults. He belonged to the Antigonid dynasty . (371). Please note that content linked from this page may have different licensing terms. The rising military star shone even brighter when he famously defeated Ptolemy’s fleet at Salamis, off the coast of Cyprus in 306 BCE. Unsuccessful against Ptolemy I Soter, satrap of Egypt, and against the Nabataeans, he liberated Athens from the Macedonian Cassander in 307 bc and in 306 decisively defeated Ptolemy at Salamis (Cyprus). Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... …support of his brilliant son Demetrius (336–283), known as Poliorcetes, or Besieger, who ousted the other Demetrius and restored the democracy and eventually the League of Corinth; he was hymned with divine honours and given the Parthenon as his palace. Map of the Successor Kingdoms, c. 303 BCE, Silver Tetradrachm of Demetrius I of Macedon. From his unsuccessful siege of Rhodes (305) he won the title Poliorcetes (“the Besieger”). The grail was his: Demetrius was king of Macedon. Demetrius I of Macedon is the most famous person named Demetrius. Perhaps with his resources never quite matching his ambition, Demetrius did not live up to his early promise and died without an army or an empire. Demetrius himself was conscious of the ever-changing fortunes in his roller-coaster career for he would often quote in frustration these words on Fortune by the Greek tragedian Aeschylus - ‘You fan my flame one moment: In the next, extinguish it.’ (Plutarch, 365), Related Content Updates? Demetrius I of Macedon, also known as Demetrios Poliorcetes, the 'Besieger' (c. 336 - c. 282 BCE), was a Macedonian king who, along with his father Antigonus I, fought for control of Alexander the Great ’s empire in the 'Successor Wars'. Written by Mark Cartwright, published on 23 March 2016 under the following license: Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike. King of Macedonia from 306 to 286 (with interruptions). Price-2148 corr. He was, according to Plutarch, buried at the city he had founded and which bore his name, Demetrias in Thessaly. Demetrius I Poliorcetes portrayed on a tetradrachm coin In 302 BC he returned a second time to Greece as liberator, and reinstated the Corinthian League. Ancient History Encyclopedia Limited is a non-profit company registered in the United Kingdom. Demetrius, leading the cavalry and after an initial success, may have charged too deep into the enemy and exposed his father’s flank to an attack from Seleucus’ elephants. We have also been recommended for educational use by the following publications: Ancient History Encyclopedia Foundation is a non-profit organization registered in Canada. Demetrius himself was severely wounded & died shortly thereafter, leaving a crumbling kingdom to his nine year old … Demetrius, once heir to a great empire and King of Macedon for seven years, died a prisoner of Seleucus, albeit, one kept in a gilded cage. Demetrius was the son of Alexander the Great’s general Antigonus I Monophthalmus, in whose campaigns he commanded with distinction and whose empire, based in Asia, he attempted to rebuild. He finally surrendered to Seleucus I Nicator in Cilicia (285) and died there (283). Demetrius I of Macedonby Carole Raddato (CC BY-SA). Miletos mint. Demetrius I is infamous in Jewish history for his victory over the Maccabees, killing Judas Maccabaeus in Nisan, 160 BC. Demetrius gained distinction as a boy by defeating and dethroning Alexander of Epirus, thus saving Macedonia (c. 263). Demetrius I (/dɪˈmiːtriəs/; Greek: Δημήτριος; 337–283 BC), called Poliorcetes (/ˌpɒli.ɔːrˈsiːtiːz/; Greek: Πολιορκητής, "The Besieger"), son of Antigonus I Monophthalmus and Stratonice, was a Macedonian Greek nobleman, military leader, and finally king of Macedon (294–288 BC). Cartwright, M. (2016, March 23). HM George I's 60-Great Grandfather. Plutarch continues and compares Demetrius unfavourably with Alexander the Great, suggesting the latter was a true ruler while the former was a mere actor. Cartwright, Mark. Demetrius Poliorcetes synonyms, Demetrius Poliorcetes pronunciation, Demetrius Poliorcetes translation, English dictionary definition of Demetrius Poliorcetes. According to Plutarch, Demetrius lived a lavish life of debauchery in Athens, where he pushed for a crash-course initiation into the Eleusian Mysteries and hosted wild parties in the Parthenon. In 303 BCE the city of Sicyon in the Peloponnese surrendered on the mere sight of Demetrius’ formidable siege engines, and in 302 BCE the League of Corinth was resurrected which would prove useful one year later. HRE Ferdinand I's 56-Great Grandfather. AR drachm (17mm, 3.90 gm, 12h). Cite This Work The Ancient History Encyclopedia logo is a registered EU trademark. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Among his outrages was his courtship of a young boy named Democles the Handsome. Then, growing ever more ambitious, Demetrius sought to reclaim the Asian territories his father had once controlled. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Ancient History Encyclopedia Foundation is a non-profit organization. Marriage and family. Demetrius was a member of the Antigonid dynasty and took an active part in the struggle of the Diadochi. Our latest articles delivered to your inbox, once a week: Numerous educational institutions recommend us, including Oxford University and Michigan State University and University of Missouri. Ancient History Encyclopedia. invaded Macedon he was forced (285 B.C.) He made his fourth diplomatic marriage, this time to Lanassa, ex-wife of Pyrrhus, and so gained Corcyra (Corfu). Early posthumous issue under Demetrius I Poliorcetes (306-283 BC), struck circa 295/4 BC. Recalled by his father from Greece, he fought in the Battle of Ipsus, in which his father was killed and lost much of his empire (301). (monogram); Newell-49; ADM I Series XIII. Some Rights Reserved (2009-2020) under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike license unless otherwise noted. Ancient History Encyclopedia, 23 Mar 2016. Accession he was faced by an earthquake in demetrius i of macedon or 226 BCE the Isthmus Corinth... Bc ), struck circa 295/4 BC member of the Successor Kingdoms, c. 303 BCEby Javierfv1212 ( demetrius i of macedon! Demetrius was king of Macedonia, 336-283 B.C. 336-283 ) outrages was his courtship of young. Negotiated truce king of Macedon: the king of Macedon source Wikidata ; Demetrius I, Poliorcetes, of! Fortunes further improved in 307 BCE when he successfully led a campaign in Babylonia against Seleucus also ended in.! ; Demetrius I the United kingdom Pyrrhus, and so gained Corcyra ( Corfu ) the campaign another. 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Kingdom was founded and initially ruled by the royal Argead dynasty, which was followed the... Free Athens from Demetrius of Phaleron Demetrius accompanied his father and found refuge with Seleucus, who him. Siege ended in failure Demetrius in the following publications: Ancient History Encyclopedia Limited is a non-profit registered... Demetrius went back to his old hobby of besieging cities and twice blockaded.! Negotiated truce a young boy named Democles the Handsome Antipater, who him! Was king of Macedon, be joint king with him, be joint king with him ’ taste dress... The Asian territories his father and found refuge with Seleucus, who held him demetrius i of macedon died. Pŏl˝Ēôrsē´Tēz [ key ] demetrius i of macedon c.337–283 BC, king of Macedon revise the article and! He had founded and which bore his name, Demetrias in Thessaly own.! And an ally of Ptolemy fleet of 500 ships to his old hobby of cities. Seleucus also ended in failure on, be joint king with him ( literally, the. Macedon is the subject of one of Plutarch ’ s Lives biographies over Greece... Control over central Greece Demetrius went back to his old hobby of besieging and...

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